Maranga Mai! Te Reo and Marae in Crisis?
|Author:||Merata Kawharu (Editor)|
Edited by Merata Kawharu Maranga mai! Our people. We have become complacent. Our language and our marae are struggling. Yet we remain asleep. We need to wake up! – Merimeri Penfold, Taitokerau kuia From the time of the M?ori renaissance of the 1970s and 1980s, M?ori made huge efforts to reinvigorate te reo and the life of marae as the twin cornerstones of M?ori identity. M?ori television and radio stations were set up, the M?ori Language Commission established and k?hanga reo, kura kaupapa and wananga emerged. Old marae gained new coats of paint and new marae were established on sites ranging from urban university campuses to rural communities. But have the efforts really worked? Now, in 2013, are te reo and marae in crisis? The number of children in k?hanga reo is down 34 per cent from its peak. Only 15 per cent of M?ori children are attending M?ori-medium schooling. And fewer and fewer people are participating in marae activities. Without a living language spoken regularly on the marae, what is the future for M?ori culture? Focusing on Tai Tokerau, the northern region of New Zealand, as a case study but with conclusions applicable across the country, the leading M?ori scholars and elders in Maranga Mai! call for their people to wake up to these challenges. Through stories and statistics, demography and policy, they identify the key issues and pose potential solutions. Edited by anthropologist Merata Kawharu and with a foreword by Erima Henare, chairman of the M?ori Language Commission, the book’s other contributors include Ng?ti Kur? kuia Merimeri Penfold, whose contribution in contemporary Tai Tokerau te reo is also translated into English; anthropologist Paul Tapsell; kaum?tua Hone Sadler, with a text in te reo with English translation; linguist Arapera Ngaha; Kevin Robinson, chief executive of Te R?nanga o Te Rarawa; educationalist Margie Hohepa; kaum?tua Fraser Toi; sociologist Stephen McTaggart; lawyer Kiri Toki; emerging scholars Paratene Tane and Jade Aikman-Dodd; film-maker Michael Hennessy; and photographer Krzysztof Pfeiffer .
Merata Kawharu (Ngāti Whatua, Ngāpuhi) is the director of research at the James Henare Māori Research Centre at the University of Auckland. A former Rhodes Scholar, she is a graduate in anthropology and Māori studies from the University of Auckland and has a DPhil from Oxford in social anthropology. Kawharu is a member of the New Zealand Geographic Board Ngā Pou Taunaha o Aotearoa. She is the editor of Whenua: Managing Our Resources (Reed, 2002), a finalist in the 2003 Montana Book Awards, and Tāhuhu Kōrero: The Sayings of Taitokerau (Auckland University Press, 2008), which won the Te Reo Māori category at the Ngā Kupu Ora Book Awards in 2009.